Oral Cancer

May 3, 2016

About Throat Cancer

Throat cancer is a critical condition in which cancerous tumors get developed in the upper part of the throat(Nasopharynx), the middle part of the throat(Oropharynx), the bottom part of the throat (Hypopharynx ) and larynx (voice box).

Factors that increase your risk of throat cancer are listed below:

  • Old Age: Cancer risk increases as you grow old. It occurs mostly in people who are above the age of 65.
  • Tobacco Consumption: Excessive consumption of tobacco can also result in throat cancer. It also has several other side effects as well.
  • Addiction to Alcohol: Regular drinkers have greater chances of getting affected by throat cancer.
  • Unhealthy Diet: Unhealthy eating habits can also expose the body to get affected by several types of diseases. Always make it a point to eat nutritious and healthy food.
  • Infections: Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infection, contracting Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and Gastroesophageal reflux disease can also increase the risk factor.

Symptoms:

Though there are no particular symptoms for throat cancer but if any of the below mentioned symptoms occur repetitively then a doctor should be consulted as soon as possible:

  • Change in the voice quality (hoarseness)
  • Throat pain and soreness in mouth
  • Bad breath
  • Coughing with bloody sputum
  • Difficulty in breathing and swallowing
  • Ear and neck pain
  • Sudden weight loss

Diagnosis:

Following tests can help in detecting the presence of cancer:

  • Endoscope or laryngoscope: They are used to get a close look of the throat and if abnormalities are found during the test then Biopsy (removal of a part of tissue) is done
  • Imaging tests: CT (computed tomography), PET (positron emission tomography), MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) and X-rays are done which helps the doctor find out the spread of the cancer
  • Tests like Barium Swallow and Laryngeal Videostroboscopy can also be done if required.

Prevention:

  • Quit smoking and drinking
  • Drink alcohol in moderation and get rid of alcohol addiction at the earliest
  • Eat healthy diet full of vitamins and antioxidants
  • Protect yourself from diseases like HPV by opting for safe sex

Treatment:

Throat cancer can be treated to a certain extent with the help of proper medical supervisions and treatments.